Wednesday, 21 June 2017 10:57

Crops are in Sask. – waiting for development

Written by  Saskatchewan Agriculture
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Seeding has essentially wrapped up in the province, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s Weekly Crop Report. 


Producers have 99 per cent of the crop in the ground, ahead of the five-year (2012-2016) seeding average of 97 per cent for this time of year.  The northwest region is the furthest behind with 97 per cent seeded.  Across the province, there are still a few fields of oats and barley, as well as some greenfeed and silage, left to be seeded.
The much-needed rainfall received this week will help replenish topsoil moisture and allow crops to advance.  While much of the north has surplus topsoil moisture at this time, many areas in the south were relieved to see rain as crops, hay land and pastures were in need of significant moisture.
Prior to the recent rainfall, topsoil moisture conditions were deteriorating in southern and central areas of the province. Provincially, cropland topsoil moisture is currently rated as seven per cent surplus, 52 per cent adequate, 35 per cent short and six per cent very short.  Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as four per cent surplus, 43 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and 12 per cent very short.
Overall crop development has improved with the warm and wet weather.  Sixty per cent of fall cereals, 62 per cent of spring cereals, 53 of oilseeds and 70 per cent of pulse crops are at their normal stages of development for this time of year.  The majority of crops are in fair-to-excellent condition.
Persistent wind has damaged crops and delayed in-crop weed control operations in many areas.  Cutworms, flea beetles, localized flooding, hail and lack of moisture have also caused damage this past week.
Producers are busy completing seeding, controlling weeds and getting ready for haying.
SaskPower reports that there have been 149 reports of power line contact this year, with 19 incidents reported in June.Southwestern Saskatchewan:
Crop District 3ASW – Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas
Crop District 3AN – Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas
Crop District 3B – Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas
Crop District 4 – Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas
Seeding has all but wrapped up for producers in the southwest, but there are still some greenfeed and silage crops to be seeded in the coming weeks. In-crop weed control continues in many areas; however, strong winds have been delaying producers for several weeks now.
Much of the region received small amounts of rain last week, although the Cabri area reported 12 mm. The Fife Lake and Climax areas received 2 mm of rain last week, the Limerick area 9 mm, the Mossbank area 5 mm, the Mortlach, Eastend and Blumenhof areas 6 mm, the Hazenmore area 10 mm, the Webb and Maple Creek areas 7 mm and the Leader area 8 mm. The Tyner area has reported receiving the most precipitation (83 mm) in the region since April 1.
Some areas in the region are much drier than ot hers and will need a significant rain soon to help crops emerge and grow. The rainfall over the past couple of days may help improve topsoil moisture conditions in the region which have rapidly deteriorated over the past few weeks due to lack of moisture and strong winds. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 39 per cent adequate, 54 per cent short and seven per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 25 per cent adequate, 60 per cent short and 15 per cent very short. Crop District 3BS is reporting that 24 per cent of cropland and 36 per cent of hay land and pasture are very short topsoil moisture at this time.
Overall, the majority of crops are in fair-to-good condition, although many crops in drier areas are suffering from lack of moisture. Many crops are quite short and the recent rainfall may not help crop development or yield. Livestock producers have indicated that some hay fields are stunted and prematurely heading–out. Yields will likely be compromised as the recent rain may have been too late for some areas. Some producers are expecting the haying season to be shorter than normal this year.
The majority of crop damage this past week was due to lack of moisture, wind and insects such as cutworms and flea beetles in the canola crops. Gophers have also caused some issues in the region.
Farmers are busy trying to control weeds, picking rocks and getting ready for haying.
 

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